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Anthropometry, physical ability and dispensarization of school age - contribution to the prevention and public health
Daniel Marchev Monov, Genoveva Ragyovska- Monova, I. Vitlyanova

Last modified: 2016-11-09

Abstract


Summary:Morphological /anthropometric/ indicators are the basis for a ssessing the physical growth of children of schoolage, there levant organs and the whole body. External factors affecting growth and development, especially during puberty. We set ourselves the task to analyze anthropometric studies of students in organized groups in Varna - on height, body weight, activity, and their dispensary observation by ICD for period of two years - 2012 – 2014.


Materials: reports, analyzes, tests, data from prophylactic examinations and dispensary, anthropometric measurements, laboratory tests of RHI Varna, examination of physical abilities and more.


Methods: documentary, statistical, laboratory tests, physical abilities and more.


Results:We explore the physical development of 80.771 students in organized groups in Varna - 33 669 for 2012-2013 school year and 42,918 for 2013-2014, based on individual assessment of anthropometric indicators height and body weight into three groups: first group – norm, second group - extended norm and third group - outside the norm. We analyze the physical abilities to passed and not pass the tests for norm and out of norm and free from physical education and remedial gymnastics.


Conclusions: The anthropometric measurement of height and weight are at high proportion of schoolchildren in Group I "norm" - 87.0% for a growth and 84.0% for a bodyweight. Significantly lower in group II "extended norm" - 8.57% for growth and 9.85% for a body mass (At the expense of values above the norm for growth /higher growth/ and above the norm for weight /high body mass/. Detected and registered main diseases and abnormalities in prophylactic examinations: obesity, visual disturbances, spine curvatures, asthma.