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Needle stick injuries and post-exposure prophylaxis among nurses at MBAL “Dr Ivan Seliminski” AD - Sliven
Pepa Dzhedzheva, Elena Zheleva, Ivan Alexandrov

Last modified: 2016-11-08

Abstract


Introduction: The risk of needle stick, or other medical sharp instruments, injuries is one of the most common amongst nurses. These injuries are significantly dangerous when it comes to transmitting life-threatening blood-borne infections, including HBV, HCV and HIV. Most commonly, risk factors relate to occupational work technique and practices, as well as the use of personal protective equipment, health and safety protocols at the work place, introducing safe medical equipment and timely post-exposure prophylaxis.


Aim: The aim of this study is to examine the frequency of sharps injuries, to analyse the most common reasons for those injuries and analyse how well nurses at MBAL “Dr Ivan Seliminski” are informed about post-exposure measures in order to increase occupational safety.


Material and methods: Individual anonymous survey with 55 nurses working across different wards of the hospital.


Results and conclusion: Needle stick injuries are most commonly inflicted after injections, in emergency situations and due to deficient health and safety protocols at the work place. Occupational exposures incidents are rarely reported so it is different to register them.


Keywords: needle stick injuries, post-exposure prophylaxis, blood-borne infections, nurse